References from the NECC keynote by Hall Davidson.




References, Credits, and Supplemental Information for the NECC keynote.
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  • Lily Tomlin, Tootie Byrd - NECC website
  • Futurist "vaporlight" from
  • Elementary School pictured: Franklin Elementary School, Los Angeles Unified School District
  • Toilet graphic - ($39)
  • Golden Retriever drinking graphic - ($39) (yes, sometimes you have to buy graphics)
  • Visuals: The Way Our Brain Works
  • Cave horse:from "The Gate to the Mind's Eye": Miramar, Image Entertainment (1994), 200 Second Avenue, Seattle Washington, 98119, 206-284-4700. Music by Thomas Dolby. Broadcast on PBS, available on laser disc (and presumably DVD)
  • Marlboro horse print ad from Sports Illustrated.
  • Vision and Sound Information I -The Dots
  • Vision and Sound Information II - The Rabbits: Yukiyasu Kamitani, PhD., Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School (used with permission). Online at (Illusion Demos). Interesting things here...
  • "Apparent Motion Tutorial" (motocycle and letter "H") from George Mather, Professor of Experimental Psychology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK. Online at (motion perception tutorial). The "H" is the Transformational Apparent Motion, and the motorcycle is Four-Stroke Apparent Motion. See how the brain makes input comprehensible (the same job educators have).
  • Gazelle graphic (actually a Gerenuk [Swahili for "giraffe-necked"]: Zoo advertisement at Burbank Airport (2002)
  • Longevity data: From a variety of sources. Summary: restricting caloric intake in mammals increases lifespan.
  • Cave horse:from "The Gate to the Mind's Eye" (see above)
  • "Newscast From the Past", television program, from the Agency for Instructional Technology (AIT), Agency for Instructional Technology, Box A, 1800 North Stonelake Drive,Bloomington, IN 47402-0120, (800) 457-4509, (812) 339-2203 catalogue online at state licensed in California for teachers.
  • Data
  • California Assessment Program (CAP test), relationship of higher student achievement in middle school with the number of tapes in the media library; Pepperdine University, 1991, thesis, Hall Davidson
  • The Television Model and Learning (study with 14-month olds), New York Times, December, 1988
  • Comparison of states going for Bush or Gore with percentage of video rentals that are adult titles (by state); observation by former Gov. Pierre Dupont of Delaware, based on observations in the New York Times and published in the Wall Street Journal, reported also by Playboy (courtesy of Playboy Reader Services)
  • California Student Media & Multimedia Festival, in its 36th year, the nation's oldest festival exclusively for student media, information online at, festival director Hall Davidson, associate directors Mary Fran Breiling and Michael Simkins
  • Improvement in student achievement after implementation of media via the Interent, courtesty of United Streaming (, research from Cometrika, 844 South Barnes Street, Mason, MI, 48824, (517) 676-5145. Results from test score analysis for the third grade social studies experiment (pretest 6.1 vs. posttest 9.8; control group pretest 6.6, posttest 7.8)
  • Improved success of college students using TV distance learning courses versus Web distance learning courses from research at Coastline College by Robert D. Nash, MS ed, Jacque Nagatsuka, Ken Leighton,Fountain Valley, California, 2002 (presented by Nash, Jerry Rudman, PhD, and Helen Ward at Alliance for Distance Education Conference, 2002: "Why Do Distance Learners Drop/Fail and What Can We Do About It?"
  • "A Summary of Research and Finding Related to the Effectiveness of Educational Television on Student Learning", KERA Educational Research Center, ERC Rearch Summay, June 6, 2001, available online at
  • Texaco Teacher Training Institute Research by Columbia Teachers College.
  • Student Projects
  • "Creatures of the Mojave Desert", 2001 Katherine Finchy Elementary School, Palm Springs Unified School District, Linda Reynolds, Bob Smith. More information at (California Student Media & Multimedia Festival Winner). Made with mPower software.
  • "Interned Americans", 1998, Melisa Goto, student author, Kathy Sutherland, teacher, Oswalt Elementary School,Rowland Unified School District.(California Student Media & Multimedia Festival Winner). Made with HyperStudio.
  • "Norm Bland, the Language Man", Pacoima Middle School, Los Angeles Unified School District, James Gleason, teacher.(California Student Media & Multimedia Festival Winner). Video project.
  • "The Counterculture: Liberating America", 2002, Agoura High School, teacher Jason Busby, student authors Peter Lai, Vamsi,Chavacula, Garret,Green, Zak Cianflone. (California Student Media & Multimedia Festival Winner). Video project.
  • Schools and Students
  • Lab photo with Jim Hensen, Anaheim City School District Technology Center lab.
  • Student with insufficient hand space: Blake Clausen, John Burroughs Middle School, Los Angeles Unified School District
  • Information on the 36th Annual California Student Media Festival is available online. Click for the link.
  • KOCE-TV broadcast student-made digital videos regularly. Some clips are used in prime time as part of the news/current affairs program REAL ORANGE. For information, check the website at Templates available there include release forms, storyboard forms, and sample videos.
  • What Technology Can Do to Make It Easier
  • Web site from
  • Streaming and downloadable media from United Streaming, available at
  • Clips from "The Theorem of Pythagoras" series from "Project Mathematics", produced at Cal Tech. Available online at United Streaming
  • "Five Million Baud Modem" from presentation by Hall Davidson at Computer-Using Educators
  • Cave Horse animation from "The Gate to the Mind's Eye": Miramar, Image Entertainment (1994), 200 Second Avenue, Seattle Washington, 98119, 206-284-4700. Music by Thomas Dolby. Broadcast on PBS, available on laser disc (and presumably DVD)
  • Captioning Studies
  • "Captioned Television as Comprehensible Input: Effects of Incidental Word Learning From Context for Language Minority Students" Susan B. Neuman, Patricia Koskinen, Reading Research Quarterly, 1992
  • ERIC # ED373662 "Closed Captioned TV: A Resource for ESL Literacy Education", Carolyn Parks, 1994 - Center for Applied Linguistics.
  • "Captioned Media: An Untapped Resource", Nancy Dye, Connie Mayer, Cable in the Classroom, Winter 1997
  • Using Captioned Media in the Classroom: A Teachers Guide, Metropolitan Toronto School Board, 155 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1P6 416-397-3000
  • "The Educational Value of Reading Captions",
  • "Captioned Video and Vocabulary Learning: An Innovative Practise in Literacy Instruction", Koskinen, P.S., Gambrell, L.B., & Neuman, S.B., The Reading Teacher, 47 (1), 36-43 (1993)
  • "Instant Reading Incentive: Understanding TV Captions", Carl Jensema and Michelle Rovins, Perspectives in Education and Deafmess, v 16, no.1, September/October 1997
  • "A Review of Research on the Educational Use of English Captioned Materials in Japan", Toshikazu Kikuchi, Numazu National College of Technology (e-mail:, available at
  • Teaching Strategies for Captioned Programs ("The New English Teacher: A Guide to Using Captioned Television with Language Minority Students"), National Captioning Institute, 703-998-2400
  • "Teacher case studies from the National Captioning Institute: Milt Goldman, Los Angeles Unified School District (high school reading teacher), and Carolyn Parks, ESL Teacher"
  • "T.H.E. Journal", May, 1989 (Harvard study)
  • Software and Hardware Used in Keynote
  • Keynote authored in HyperStudio (v.3.3, but 4.0 is fine, too). HyperStudio is a cross-platform program.
  • "We are a handed species" animation created in India Titler, an absolutely terrific titling program (click here to download the quicktime video of hands crafting the title).
  • Videos created in iMovie by importing video into a computer. iMovie is an Apple product. Movie Maker, built in with Windows XP, is the Windows approximation.
  • Books used as references
    I recommend them to teachers. Desert islands and solitary confinement are useful incentives to reading. And summer vacations and graduate degree work.
  • The Hand, Frank R. Wilson, Pantheon, 1998
  • The Social Life of Information, John Seely Brown, Paul Duguid, Harvard Business School Press, 2000
  • Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language, Robin Dunbar, Harvard University Press, 1996
  • Brain, Vision, Memory: Tales in the History of Neuroscience, Charles G. Gross, MIT Press, 1998
  • Visual Intelligence: How We Create What We See, Donald D. Hoffman, WW Norton and Company, 1998
  • Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fate of Human Societies, Jared Diamond, WW Norton and Company, 1999, 1997.
  • TECHFORUM keynote notes are will be posted by October 20, 2002

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    Thanks for coming to the keynote, particularly if you were one of the people who were laughing at the right times. -hd